Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or
boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having
a legislative body. The job of delimitation is assigned to a high power
body. Such a body is known as Delimitation Commission or a Boundary
In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4
times - in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963
under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation
Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002.
The Delimitation Commission in India is a high power body whose
orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before
any court. These orders come into force on a date to be specified by the
President of India in this behalf. The copies of its orders are laid before
the House of the People and the State Legislative Assembly concerned,
but no modifications are permissible therein by them.